Trump on Monday pushed his education agenda through the House of Representatives and the Senate with a $3 billion education package that would roll back decades of bipartisan education policy and give states more flexibility to make their own rules.
The package would give states greater flexibility to establish and implement special education programs for low-income students, cut funding for special education and expand the number of students eligible for free or reduced-price lunch programs.
The legislation would also expand federal funding for low income students to $5,000, expand access to the work-study program for low and moderate-income families and provide $1 billion in additional federal funding to states that have already adopted the new rules, the White House said in a statement.
It would also require states to set aside $10 million in the federal budget for school improvement projects.
The legislation passed the House by a vote of 231-217 and the White, Rose and Blanco Republican-led Senate by a 60-41 vote.
The House approved the bill on Tuesday, which was expected to pass the Senate on Wednesday.
The measure also passed the Senate Education Committee and now goes to the full Senate for consideration.
The Republican-controlled House is set to vote on the bill Thursday.
Last year, the Republican-dominated House approved a version of the bill that would allow states to require parents to have their children with special needs assessed by a special education specialist to qualify for state financial aid, which is tied to the number and income of students enrolled in the program.
Under the legislation, states could also require students with special education to meet certain qualifications and to pay additional fees to qualify.
Democrats objected to the bill, arguing that it would force parents to pay for special services that could be done by trained educators.
Republicans in the House voted for the bill in the wake of the death of two American Indian students, one of whom was a special needs student.
The children were killed by an Indian-American couple who had a history of violence against American Indians.